Ranking dose-normalized antiviral effect of drug combination treatments against hepatitis C virus

9 Jul 2018, 18:00
Holme Building/--The Refectory (University of Sydney)

Holme Building/--The Refectory

University of Sydney

Board: 203
Poster Presentation Disease - infectious Poster Session


Ms Yukino Ikoma (Kyushu University)


Since many kinds of Direct Acting Antivirals (DAA) have become the main treatment instead of interferon-α (IFN-α) against hepatitis C virus (HCV), combinations of these DAA are now standard treatment strategies. These treatments are very effective, however, at the same time, this provokes the problems which drug combination is more or most effective for each patient. Therefore, we established a viral replicon system for HCV to quantify the efficacy of each drug or drug combination easily. In this study, we used 15 different kinds of DAA (telaprevir, danoprevir, asunaprevir, simeprevir, sofosbuvir, VX-222, dasabuvir, nesbuvir, tegobuvir, daclatasvir, ledipasvir, IFN-α, IFN-λ, cyclosporin A, and SCY-635) and quantified the efficacy of (single and) multiple drug combinations using the replicon system. Then, we calculated instantaneous inhibitory potential (IIP) which captures the effectiveness of each drug combination as a function of the drug concentration. Furthermore, we defined and calculated the critical concentration index (RCI) that achieves 95% reduction in HCV replication is shown for each drug combination. The RCI intrinsically varies among the drug combinations. As an example, we found SMV&IFN-α yielded the lowest RCI values among the tested double-combinations. We would like to further discuss how our framework could enable drug usage optimization by quantifying the antiviral activity in preclinical settings, and presenting basic evidences for cost-effective drug selection.

Primary authors

Ms Yukino Ikoma (Kyushu University) Mr Yusuke Kakizoe (Kyushu University) Mr Hirofumi Ohashi (National Institute of Infectious Diseases) Dr Shingo Iwami (Kyushu University) Dr Koichi Watashi (National Institute of Infectious Diseases)

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