Immune responses to cancer-including innate responses and immunotherapy-involve complex biochemical and biomechanical interactions between tumour cells and many types of immune cells. To date, most modelling has not focused on the spatial and mechanical effects of these interactions. In this talk, we will adapt PhysiCell (an open source platform for 3-D multicellular systems biology ) to simulate individual immune cells as they respond to tumour-secreted immunostimulatory signals, adhere to cells, test immunogenicity, and induce apoptosis before repeating their search for new immunogenic targets. We will examine the key roles played by random motility and spatial geometry in the success or failure of an immune response. We will show ongoing work to bridge molecular and multicellular systems biology in 3-D multiscale simulations (e.g., ). Lastly, we will discuss and demonstrate the potential for high-throughput multicellular systems biology, where large parameter investigations can be run on supercomputers to efficiently explore 3-D multicellular dynamics under many sets of hypotheses , with examples in cancer immunology. With HPC-deployed versions of PhysiCell, we can complete a year's worth of mechanistic computational investigations in a little over a day. In the future, we believe that high-throughput mathematical model investigations will help drive biological discovery and even engineering of the immune system and other complex multicellular systems.
 Ghaffarizadeh et al., "PhysiCell: An open source physics-based cell simulator for 3-D multicellular systems," PLoS Comput Biol (2018), http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005991
 Letort et al., "PhysiBoSS: a multi-scale agent based modelling framework integrating physical dimension and cell signalling," bioRxiv 267070 (2018), https://doi.org/10.1101/267070
 Ozik et al., "High-throughput cancer hypothesis testing with an integrated PhysiCell-EMEWS workflow", bioRxiv 196709 (2017), https://doi.org/10.1101/196709